Guyana officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. With 215,000 square kilometers (83,000 sq mi), Guyana is the third-smallest country on mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname.
Population: 7.50 million
Dialing code: +592
The vibrant character and graceful beauty of Georgetown reflects much of the city’s exceptional cultural history and diversity. Designed by the Dutch (and first known as Stabroek), Guyana’s capital has wide, tree-lined avenues, lily-covered canals, and many fine examples of 18th and 19th century colonial buildings. Georgetown’s tropical botanical gardens, as one might expect in a country of such incredible natural beauty, are considered to be among the very best in the world. Throughout the city are colourful East Indian markets, indicative of the country’s largely East Indian population. Because Georgetown lies below sea level at high tide, it is protected by an amazing masonry wall, or mole. The city is situated at the mouth of the Demerara River, one of the many rivers that flow down from the Guiana Highlands and across the coastal plain to the Atlantic.
2.Kaieteur and Orinduik Falls
Situated in the heart of Guyana on the Potaro River, a tributary of the great Essequibo, Kaieteur Falls is one of the world’s natural wonders. Flowing over a flat, sandstone tableland into a deep gorge, Kaieteur has a single drop of 741 feet (the largest single drop waterfall in the world). It then plummets downward for another 101 feet for a total of 822 feet–five times the drop of Niagara. The unusual conditions created by the falls support a fascinating micro-environment, which includes some species identifiable only to this area. Lucky visitors may catch a fleeting glimpse of the Kaieteur Swifts, or Makonaima Birds. Swifts are the most rapid fliers among living creatures, a property that allows them to snatch up insects while on the wing. The Kaieteur Swifts nest under the vast shield of rock hidden behind the curtain of falling water. The Orinduik Falls lie on the Ireng, a highland river that thunders over steps and terraces of jasper on the border divide with Brazil before merging with the Takutu and then heading down into Brazil to join the great Amazon. The falls are situated amid the rolling, grass-covered hills of the Pakaraima Mountains, one of the most beautiful regions of Guyana’s hinterland. In contrast to the dramatic gorge at Kaieteur, Orinduik is ideally suited for swimming.
The Rupununi is a vast area of dry grasslands, with sparse trees, termite mounds and wooded hills in the Southwest of the country. The savannah is divided into the North and South Rupununi by the Kanuku Mountains; it is scattered with occasional Amerindian villages and a few large cattle ranches which date from the nineteenth century. Every year the rains flood the savannah. In many areas it is possible to move about only by boat during this season, allowing for exciting water tours of the Rupununi’s beautiful forest areas.
Shell Beach extends for about 90 miles along Guyana’s northwestern shore, in the area between the Pomeroon and Waini Rivers. True to its name, this remarkable strand consists of uncounted numbers of tiny shells, a composition that makes it an ideal nesting site for sea turtles. Four of the world’s eight sea turtle species come here each year between March and July, struggling ashore at night to dig nests among the shells, lay as many as ten dozen eggs, and return again to the water.
The bustling sea port of La Rochelle is crowded with quaint old fishing boats and lined with trendy sidewalk cafés. The entrance to the Vieux Port is guarded by two medieval towers, the massive Tour Saint-Nicolas on the east side and the imposing Tour de la Chaîne on the west. In an important location on the harbor, the Tour Saint-Nicolas was designed as a fort to protect the city from invaders. This tower has an irregular shape and its interior is a maze of old staircases, corridors, and rooms. The Tour de la Chaîne lies on the Rue sur les Murs (Street of Walls) as it was connected to the medieval town’s defensive walls. This tower takes its name from the chain that was drawn across the mouth of the harbor at night during the Middle Ages. From the south side of the harbor, there is a magnificent view of the harbor and the town. To the south of the Vieux Port, the Bassin à Flot is the charming fishermen’s quarter.
|Pegasus Hotel||Kingston, Georgetown,||+592 225 2853|
|Grand Coastal Hotel||Lot 1 & 2 Area M Plantation, Le Ressouvenir||+592 220 1091|
|Herdmanston Lodge||Peter Rose St, Georgetown,||+592 225 0808|
|Kings Plaza Hotel||45 Main St, Georgetown,||+592 225 7775|
|Cara Lodge Hotel||Quamina St, Georgetown,||+592 225 5301|