Nepal is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi religious country. For a relatively small country [147,181 km²] Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plains in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north, which makes it a major tourist destination. Hinduism is practiced by a huge majority of the people, but the country also has a strong Buddhist tradition; Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama is located in the Terai, one of the three regions of Nepal.
The Capital Kathmandu is the largest city in the country. The official language is Nepali and the state currency is the Nepalese Rupee [NPR). Nepal’s flag is the only national flag in the world that is non-quadrilateral in shape. The blue border on the flag of Nepal signifies peace, red stands for victory in war or courage. It is also colour of the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. While the curved moon is symbol of peace and calm nature of Nepalese, the sun represents the aggressiveness of Nepalese warriors.
Bordered by China and India, Nepal could not be separated from the famous Himalayas. Nepal is rich in amazing tourist attractions. With eight of the ten highest peaks in the world is located there, the natural scenery of Nepal, is amazing.
Land of a thousand temples. The nickname was not excessive given to Nepal. In the Valley of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, at least seven large complex Hindu or Buddhist temples thousands of years old. In every temple complex can be found tens or even hundreds of temples, big and small, built by a variety of different dynasties monarch ever ruled in Nepal. Seventh temple complex, are entirely protected heritage site of the United Nations [UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites].