Mexico is bordered by the United States to the north and Belize and Guatemala to the southeast. Mexico is about one-fifth the size of the United States. Baja California in the west is an 800-mile (1,287-km) peninsula that forms the Gulf of California. In the east are the Gulf of Mexico and the Bay of Campeche, which is formed by Mexico’s other peninsula, the Yucatán. The center of Mexico is a great, high plateau, open to the north, with mountain chains on the east and west and with ocean-front lowlands beyond.
Capital: Mexico City
Population: 123.8 million
Dialing code: +52
In the 2nd century BC a new civilization arose in the valley of Mexico. This civilization built the flourishing metropolis of Teotihuacán and it’s huge pyramids. The Pyramid of the Sun was built around 100 AD and is the largest pyramid in Teotihuacán and all of Mexico. The construction of the smaller Pyramid of the Moon started a century later and was finished in 450 AD. Seven centuries after the demise of the Teotihuacán empire the pyramids were honored and utilized by the Aztecs and became a place of pilgrimage. Mesoamerica’s greatest city is just 31 miles (50km) northeast of Mexico City and can be reached by bus or taxi.
Chichen Itza is the largest of the Maya cities in the Yucatan Peninsula and one of Mexico’s most visited tourist destinations. The most famous landmark of Chichen Itza is the temple-pyramid of El Castillo. The design of the temple has special astronomical significance. Each face of the pyramid has a stairway with 91 steps, which together with the shared step at the top, add up to 365, the number of days in a year. Other highlights of Chichen Itza include the Great Ballcourt and El Caracol, a circular temple which served as an astronomical observatory
Tulum is situated on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula. It once served as the major port of the Mayan city of Coba. Tulum was built around 1200 AD when the Mayan civilization was already in decline and therefore lacks the elegance of some other famous sites. The tropical beach backdrop however makes this a stunning top attraction which should not be missed. Accommodation can range from simple cabanas to 5 star luxury resorts.
Palenque is an archaeological site that was located on the western edge of the Maya empire in the present-day state of Chiapas, Mexico. Palenque is much smaller than some of its Mayan neighbor cities, but it contains some of the finest architecture and sculptures the Maya ever produced. Most structures in Palenque date from about 600 AD to 800 AD including the Temple of Inscriptions, the only Mesoamerican pyramid built as a funerary monument.
Acapulco is the original Mexican resort town which came into prominence by the 1950s as a getaway for Hollywood stars and millionaires. Still, Acapulco remains a popular tourist destination especially among Mexicans and as a spring break destination among US college students. No visit to Acapulco is complete without watching the cliff divers perform their impressive jumps into ocean. They have been doing it since the although, although today the divers are professionals.
|Hilton Mexico City Reforma||Av. Juárez 70, Cuauhtemoc, Centro, 06010 Ciudad de México, D.F.,mexico||+52 55 5130 5300|
|Zócalo Central Hotel||Av. 5 de Mayo 61, Centro Histórico, 06000 Ciudad de México, D.F,mexico||+52 55 5130 5138|
|Hotel Metropol||Calle Luis Moya #39, Cuauhtémoc, Centro, 06050 Ciudad de México, D.F.,mexico||+52 55 1085 0830|
|Hotel Krystal Grand Reforma||Paseo de la Reforma 1, Cuauhtémoc, Tabacalera, 06030 Ciudad de México, D.F.,mexico||+52 55 5128 5000|
|ITour Mexico||Avenida Coba Crucero Avenida Tulum S/N Mz 9 Lote 2, Centro, 77780 Tulum, Q.R.,mexico||+52 984 802 5593|
|Hotel Perla||Álvaro Obregón 1570, Centro, 23000 La Paz, B.C.S.,mexico||+52 612 122 0478|